The right answer for you depends on the overall shape of your financial life. Let’s look at the factors you should consider.
Makes sense to borrow …
- Because contributing to your RRSP can pay off in two ways: First, you’ll increase the size of your tax refund; second, you’ll have more tax-deferred money growing inside your retirement plan. But the first rule is this: The loan must fit your budget.
- When you intend to pay off the loan within a year. Remember: Interest on an RRSP loan is not tax-deductible. Consider a series a smaller RRSP loans with payments within your budget. Longer term loans are more suitable for purchasing non-registered investments (when the interest is tax deductible).
- When size of the loan maximizes tax savings. Tax rates rise with income. More tax can often be saved by spreading RRSP deductions over more than one year. While contributions made in one year can be deducted in a future year, it does not always make sense to borrow to make an RRSP contribution if it will take several years to fully utilize the deduction. Again a series of smaller loans may produce the better financial result.
- When you use your tax refund to pay off the loan as quickly as possible.
Or maybe not …
- If you expect to be taxed at, or near, the lowest marginal rate over time. In that case, you won’t get the full tax-reduction benefit of making your maximum RRSP contribution, so the cost of taking out an RRSP loan doesn’t make sense. Instead, you might want to consider contributing to a Tax-free Savings Account (TFSA). The contribution isn’t tax deductible but money and interest inside a TFSA is tax-free and, unlike your RRSP, so are withdrawals, which can be made at any time for any purpose.
- If your increased RRSP refund is already earmarked, in whole or in part, to pay taxes you owe on other income.
- If you are unsure your income level will allow you to meet your RRSP loan obligations, which you will be required to do regardless of your income level and the performance of your RRSP in the shorter term.
Borrowing to increase your RRSP contribution can be a useful strategy but it also comes with specific risks. Perhaps you can avoid the need to borrow next year through a Pre-Authorized Contribution (PAC) plan that automatically deducts and saves any amount you want from your regular paycheques.
And, of course, your professional advisor can help you map out the RRSP contribution strategy that fits the overall shape of your financial life.